Is panama liberal or conservative?

The liberal current is one of the main political currents in Panama. The National Liberal Party (in English: LI) is a center-left liberal party, as is the Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement (Liberal Republican Nationalist Party). Why the success in Panama? Unlike Iraq and Afghanistan, Panama was a middle-income country without deep religious or linguistic divisions when the United States invaded it. In addition, he had decades of democratic experience before the 1968 military coup that brought Noriega's predecessor, Omar Torrijos, to power.

In a very real sense, the 1989 invasion brought about the restoration of democracy, not its creation. Nearly half of the hundreds of politicians and public officials (including three former Panamanian presidents) mentioned in that data breach were clients of a Panamanian law firm. According to researchers Noel Maurer and Carlos Yu, Panama “managed the canal much more efficiently and commercially than the United States after taking control of the transoceanic passage. Valenzuela, who had recently contributed to a series of investigative reports implicating Rodríguez in several crimes, denied the accusation; his employer, the digital media outlet Foco Panamá, accused the government of using the judicial system to attack the media critics.

The Panamanian Ministry of Housing provides grants and construction materials to low-income families, including indigenous groups. When elections resumed in Panama in the 1990s, traditional liberal and conservative parties gave way to a more diverse group, often requiring the formation of coalition governments. Universal suffrage was instituted in 1907, and Panamanians over 18 years of age have the right to vote. Panama has a popularly elected, representative system of government with executive, legislative and judicial powers.

Official statistics show that more than 126,600 migrants entered Panama through the Darién Gap during the year, more than in the previous 11 years combined. Given these scandals, it may seem tempting to dismiss Panama as nothing more than a center of corruption and illicit financing. After the coup d'etat of the National Guard in 1968, the national legislature was suspended and Panama was administered by a provisional government led by the general. The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, race, and other similar categories, but sexual orientation and gender identity are not covered, and racial minorities, including indigenous peoples, Panamanians of African descent, and certain immigrant groups, face some discrimination in practice. Even in Panama, a small country where the United States already had a military presence, the invasion caused significant bloodshed; in larger countries with more formidable armies, the consequences would probably be even more tragic.

The fact that the engine of the Panamanian economy has remained politically isolated almost certainly helps explain Panama's ability to achieve rapid economic growth despite high levels of corruption in other parts of the country. Both Panamanian and migrant workers in certain sectors, including the agricultural sector, where many workers are indigenous, are subject to exploitative working conditions. These revelations come just five years after the so-called Panama Papers, which exposed the shady activities of Mossack Fonseca, the now defunct Panamanian firm that was once one of the largest offshore financial services companies. of the world.

Abigail Angelotti
Abigail Angelotti

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